Wars have always been an integral part of human history. The bloodshed the world over has led to the inception of new kingdoms, new religions and individual greats, who not only brought changes in regime but also paved the way for much-needed change in the socio-political orders of countries. And India’s history is certainly no exception.
Second Battle of Tarain
This war took place in Tarain in 1192 between Delhi’s King Prithviraj Chauhan and Muhammed Ghori, the Sultan of Ghor. The great Rajput king defeated him.
First Battle of Panipat
This war took place between the invader Babur from Fargana and Delhi’s Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi in 1526. Many books, including Babur’s biography, claim Babur was invited to attack India by Lodhi’s brother, Sikander Lodhi, and Mewar’s King Rana Sanga, who thought that war with Babur would weaken the Sultan enough to defeat him.
Battle of Plassey
This battle established the British as one of the contenders, along with the Marathas, the Jats and many others as successors to the Mughal empire. The war took place on 23 June 1757, between the Nawab of Bengal Siraj-ud-Daulah and the British.
Third Battle of Panipat
This war, between the Marathas and Afghan invader Agmad Shah Abdali, took place on 14th January 1761. The war is considered to be one of the most decisive battles in Indian history because it didn’t decide who would become the successor of the Mughals in India, but who would not.
Battle of Buxar
The battle took place on 22 October 1764 at Buxar, roughly 130 km west to of Patna, between the British, led by Hector Munro, and the combined forces of Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, Shuja-ud-Daula, the Nawab of Awadh, and Mir Qasim, the Nawab of Bengal.